What is Asthma Diseases
During normal breathing, the bands of muscle that surround the airways are relaxed, and air moves freely. But in people with asthma diseases, allergy-causing substances, colds and respiratory viruses, and environmental triggers make the bands of muscle surrounding the airways tighten, and air cannot move freely. Less air causes a person to feel short of breath, and the air moving out through the tightened airways causes a whistling sound known as wheezing.Poorly controlled asthma can lead to multiple visits to the emergency room and even hospital admission, which can affect your performance at home and work.In each of the following sections, there are in-depth articles that link to the topics. Be sure to read each health topic so you have a greater understanding of asthma and how it is diagnosed and treated.
Asthma is increasingly prevalent among children. Nearly one in 10 American children now has asthma, a sharp rise that still has scientists searching for a cause. An estimated 7.1 million children under age have been diagnosed with the disease. The rate of childhood asthma has more than doubled since 1980, according to the CDC.Asthma symptoms can vary from episode to episode in the same child. Signs and symptoms of asthma to look for include.Less energy during play, or pausing to catch breath during play.
Rapid or shallow breathing Complaint of chest tightness or chest “hurting”Whistling sound when breathing in or out. This whistling sound is called wheezing.Seesaw motions in the chest from labored breathing. These motions are called retractions.Shortness of breath, loss of breath Tightened neck and chest. Muscles feelings of weakness or tiredness.
Not every person with asthma experiences the same symptoms of an asthma attack. You may not have all of these symptoms, or you may have different symptoms at different times. Your symptoms may be subtle, such as decreased activity, or lethargy. Your symptoms may also vary from mild to severe from one asthma attack to the next. You suspect that you have asthma, see your doctor. Your doctor may refer you to an asthma specialist, also known as a pulmonologist. He or she can examine you and run tests for asthma to determine if you have it.If an asthma diagnosis is made, there are many asthma treatments available to relieve your symptoms. And be sure your doctor has given you an asthma action plan. This plan should outline your treatment and medications to be used.